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Star-shaped tile
Place of Origin: Iran, probably Sultanabad
Date: 1265
Historical Period: Il-khanid dynasty (1258-1335), reigh of Gaykhatu (1291-1295)
Materials: Fritware with overglaze decoration
Dimensions: H. 1/2 in x Diam. 8 1/4 in, H. 1.3 cm x Diam. 21 cm
Credit Line: The Avery Brundage Collection
Department: West Asian Art
Collection: Ceramics
Object Number: B60P2034
On Display: No

Description

Label:

The potter has found a balance between copper brown luster and reserve white for the squiggles and curls that make up the details of the vegetal motifs. The tile would have been placed with others on the walls of a mosque or shrine complex, where figural decoration would have been inappropriate. The tile is inscribed with lines from a chapter of the Koran describing the "Night of Grandeur" when the first verses of the Koran are believed to have been revealed to Muhammad in 610. A date corresponding to 1265 is given.

This same date appears on a group of more than thirty luster tiles of similar dimensions. The other tiles also feature related floral, vegetal, and geometric designs, and they would have been fitted together with similarly decorated cross-shaped tiles to form wall panels. The monument to which these tiles originally belonged is unknown.


More Information

Exhibition History: "Near Eastern Masterpieces", San Antonio Museum of Art, 5/16/1987 - 1/4/1988
"Ancient Middle Eastern Objects" wall case (renewable annually), deYoung Museum, 4/13/1988 - 10/21/1992
"The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353", The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 10/28/2002 - 2/16/2003, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 4/13/2003 - 7/27/2003
Arts of the Islamic World from Turkey to Indonesia (Tateuchi Gallery, September 5, 2008 - March 1, 2009)
Label:

The potter has found a balance between copper brown luster and reserve white for the squiggles and curls that make up the details of the vegetal motifs. The tile would have been placed with others on the walls of a mosque or shrine complex, where figural decoration would have been inappropriate. The tile is inscribed with lines from a chapter of the Koran describing the "Night of Grandeur" when the first verses of the Koran are believed to have been revealed to Muhammad in 610. A date corresponding to 1265 is given.

This same date appears on a group of more than thirty luster tiles of similar dimensions. The other tiles also feature related floral, vegetal, and geometric designs, and they would have been fitted together with similarly decorated cross-shaped tiles to form wall panels. The monument to which these tiles originally belonged is unknown.


Exhibition History: "Near Eastern Masterpieces", San Antonio Museum of Art, 5/16/1987 - 1/4/1988
"Ancient Middle Eastern Objects" wall case (renewable annually), deYoung Museum, 4/13/1988 - 10/21/1992
"The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353", The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 10/28/2002 - 2/16/2003, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 4/13/2003 - 7/27/2003
Arts of the Islamic World from Turkey to Indonesia (Tateuchi Gallery, September 5, 2008 - March 1, 2009)