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Plate with the Three Friends of Winter, one of a pair
Place of Origin: China
Historical Period: Ming dynasty (1368-1644), Reign of the Jiajing emperor (1522-1566)
Materials: Porcelain with underglaze blue decoration
Dimensions: H. 1 in x Diam. 5 3/4 in, H. 2.5 cm x Diam. 14.6 cm
Credit Line: The Avery Brundage Collection
Department: Chinese Art
Collection: Ceramics
Object Number: B60P2359
On Display: No

Description

Label:

The bamboo, pine, and plum are collectively known as the "Three Friends of Winter" (suihan sanyou ????) and are one of the most classic depictions in Chinese art. The pine and bamboo remain green in freezing weather, while the plum is the first to bloom each year, even as the snow persists. The Chinese admire their resistance to the elements, and consider the three to be outstanding models of fortitude and uprightness under adverse conditions. The "Three Friends" also represent longevity and rebirth year after year. Because the Three Friends of Winter symbolize bravery, perseverance, longevity, and integrity, they are said to represent the qualities of a scholar-gentleman as well as the three religions of China: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.

HIDDEN MEANING: May the Three Friends of Winter bring you longevity!


More Information

Exhibition History: "Bones of Jade, Soul of Ice: The Flowering Plum in Chinese Art", University Art Museum, Berkeley (1/23/1985-3/24/1985), Yale University Art Gallery (4/18/1985-6/16/1985), St. Louis Art Museum (7/12/1985-9/8/1985)
Hidden Meanings: Symbolism in Chinese Imperial Arts, October 7- December 31, 2006
"Hidden Meanings: Symbolism in Chinese Art," SFO United Terminal, June 4, 2010 - January 19, 2011
Label:

The bamboo, pine, and plum are collectively known as the "Three Friends of Winter" (suihan sanyou ????) and are one of the most classic depictions in Chinese art. The pine and bamboo remain green in freezing weather, while the plum is the first to bloom each year, even as the snow persists. The Chinese admire their resistance to the elements, and consider the three to be outstanding models of fortitude and uprightness under adverse conditions. The "Three Friends" also represent longevity and rebirth year after year. Because the Three Friends of Winter symbolize bravery, perseverance, longevity, and integrity, they are said to represent the qualities of a scholar-gentleman as well as the three religions of China: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.

HIDDEN MEANING: May the Three Friends of Winter bring you longevity!


Exhibition History: "Bones of Jade, Soul of Ice: The Flowering Plum in Chinese Art", University Art Museum, Berkeley (1/23/1985-3/24/1985), Yale University Art Gallery (4/18/1985-6/16/1985), St. Louis Art Museum (7/12/1985-9/8/1985)
Hidden Meanings: Symbolism in Chinese Imperial Arts, October 7- December 31, 2006
"Hidden Meanings: Symbolism in Chinese Art," SFO United Terminal, June 4, 2010 - January 19, 2011
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