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Hanuman's encounters with demons on his journey to Lanka, from the Balinese version of the Ramayana
Date: approx. 1900-1950
Object Name: Drawing
Materials: Ink on paper
Dimensions: H. 20 1/4 in x W. 15 3/8 in, H. 51.4 cm x W. 39.1 cm (overall); H. 24 1/2 in × W. 19 1/2 in, H. 62.2 cm × W. 49.5 cm (framed)
Credit Line: Gift of Karen A. Signell
Department: Southeast Asian Art
Collection: Prints And Drawings
Object Number: 1998.90
On Display: No

Description

Label: In both India and Southeast Asia a favorite character from the Indian epic the Ramayana is the monkey warrior Hanuman, the faithful companion of the hero Rama. After Rama's wife, Sita, is kidnapped by the demon Ravana, Hanuman is instrumental in rescuing her from captivity in Lanka, Ravana's island kingdom. As the son of the wind god, Hanuman is capable of flying and thus is able to traverse the ocean to Lanka. Indonesian renditions of the journey differ from Indian versions.

This drawing illustrates some of the obstacles faced by Hanuman in a Balinese retelling of the story. First Hanuman encounters the demon Wilkataksini, who guards the beach on Lanka. Hanuman is sucked into the demon's stomach but is able to slay the demon from the inside. Then Hanuman encounters a second demon, Tatkini, who also tries to swallow him, but the monkey is able to expand his body and choke his attacker. This drawing appears to depict an amalgamation of the two episodes, showing Hanuman twice but with only one demon. Other features of the illustration may have been inspired by versions of the epic as performed in Balinese shadow puppet (wayang kulit) theater or drawn from the artist's imagination.

More Information

Exhibition History: "The Rama Epic: Hero, Heroine, Ally, Foe," Asian Art Museum, October 21, 2015–January 15, 2017
Additional Label:

This drawing focuses on obstacles Hanuman faces as he leaps the ocean to Ravana’s island kingdom in search of Sita.

In some Indonesian tellings of the story Hanuman meets two demons who guard the oceans. The first sucks Hanuman into his mouth, but Hanuman is able to tear the creature’s mouth open and escape. The second demon also swallows Hanuman, but the monkey expands and bursts from his captor’s stomach. This drawing may depict just the second incident or may combine the two. (Stories of Hanuman’s struggles with sea demons are also known in Indian versions of the tale, but the details differ.)

Other features of this drawing may have been inspired by the epic as performed in the Balinese shadow-puppet theater or drawn from the artist’s imagination. This type of innovation is not unusual for I Gusti Nyoman Lempad, one of Bali’s most famous artists.

(Exhibition Label from The Rama Epic: Hero, Heroine, Ally, Foe)


Label: In both India and Southeast Asia a favorite character from the Indian epic the Ramayana is the monkey warrior Hanuman, the faithful companion of the hero Rama. After Rama's wife, Sita, is kidnapped by the demon Ravana, Hanuman is instrumental in rescuing her from captivity in Lanka, Ravana's island kingdom. As the son of the wind god, Hanuman is capable of flying and thus is able to traverse the ocean to Lanka. Indonesian renditions of the journey differ from Indian versions.

This drawing illustrates some of the obstacles faced by Hanuman in a Balinese retelling of the story. First Hanuman encounters the demon Wilkataksini, who guards the beach on Lanka. Hanuman is sucked into the demon's stomach but is able to slay the demon from the inside. Then Hanuman encounters a second demon, Tatkini, who also tries to swallow him, but the monkey is able to expand his body and choke his attacker. This drawing appears to depict an amalgamation of the two episodes, showing Hanuman twice but with only one demon. Other features of the illustration may have been inspired by versions of the epic as performed in Balinese shadow puppet (wayang kulit) theater or drawn from the artist's imagination.
Exhibition History: "The Rama Epic: Hero, Heroine, Ally, Foe," Asian Art Museum, October 21, 2015–January 15, 2017
Expanded Label:

This drawing focuses on obstacles Hanuman faces as he leaps the ocean to Ravana’s island kingdom in search of Sita.

In some Indonesian tellings of the story Hanuman meets two demons who guard the oceans. The first sucks Hanuman into his mouth, but Hanuman is able to tear the creature’s mouth open and escape. The second demon also swallows Hanuman, but the monkey expands and bursts from his captor’s stomach. This drawing may depict just the second incident or may combine the two. (Stories of Hanuman’s struggles with sea demons are also known in Indian versions of the tale, but the details differ.)

Other features of this drawing may have been inspired by the epic as performed in the Balinese shadow-puppet theater or drawn from the artist’s imagination. This type of innovation is not unusual for I Gusti Nyoman Lempad, one of Bali’s most famous artists.

(Exhibition Label from The Rama Epic: Hero, Heroine, Ally, Foe)